Turtles of Virginia

Virginia Turtle Identification Guide | Virginia Turtle Measurements

Scientific name (Common name)
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Photos

Apalone spinifera spinifera
(Eastern Spiny Softshell)

Average Length (Male): 5 - 9.25 in. (12.5 - 23.5 cm)
Average Length (Female): 7 - 17 in. (18 - 43.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Chelydra serpentina
(Snapping Turtle)

Average Length: 8 - 14 in. (20.3 - 36 cm)

Chrysemys picta picta
(Eastern Painted Turtle)

Average Length: 4.5 - 6 in. (11.5 - 15.2 cm)

Clemmys guttata
(Spotted Turtle)

Average Length: 3.25 - 4.5 in. (9 - 11.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Deirochelys reticularia reticularia
(Chicken Turtle)

Average Length: 4 - 6 in. (10 - 15.2 cm)

* State Endangered *
Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier I

Glyptemys insculpta
(Wood Turtle)

Average Length: 5.5 - 8 in. (14 - 20 cm)

* State Threatened *
Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier I

Glyptemys muhlenbergii
(Bog Turtle)

Average Length: 3 - 3.5 in. ( 7.5 - 9 cm)

* Federal Threatened State Endangered *
Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier I

Graptemys geographica
(Northern Map Turtle)

Average Length (Male): 3.25 - 6.25 in. (9 - 15.9 cm)
Average Length (Female): 7 - 10.8 in. (18 - 27.3 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Kinosternon baurii
(Striped Mud Turtle)

Average Length: 3 - 4 in. (7.5 - 10 cm)

Kinosternon subrubrum subrubrum
(Eastern Mud Turtle)

Average Length: 2.75 - 4 in. (7 - 10 cm)

Malaclemys terrapin terrapin
(Northern Diamond-backed Terrapin)

Average Length (Males): 4 - 5.5 in. (10 - 14 cm)
Average Length (Females): 6 - 9 in. (15.2 - 22.9 cm)

* Federal Species of Concern *
Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Pseudemys concinna concinna
(Eastern River Cooter)

Average Length: 9 - 12 in. (23 - 30.6 cm)

Pseudemys concinna floridana
(Coastal Plain Cooter)

Average Length: 9 - 13 in. (23 - 33 cm)

Pseudemys rubriventris
(Northern Red-bellied Cooter)

Average Length: 10 - 12.5 in. (25.4 - 32 cm)

Sternotherus minor peltifer
(Stripe-necked Musk Turtle)

Average Length: 3 - 4 in. (7.5 - 10 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Sternotherus odoratus
(Eastern Musk Turtle)

Average Length: 2 - 4 in. (5.1 - 11.5 cm)

Terrapene carolina carolina
(Eastern Box Turtle)

Average Length: 4.5 - 6 in. (11.5 - 15.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Trachemys scripta elegans
(Red-eared Slider)

Average Length: 5 - 8 in. (12.5 - 20.3 cm)

Trachemys scripta scripta
(Yellow-bellied Slider)

Average Length: 5 - 8 in. (12.5 - 20.3 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating:Tier IV

Trachemys scripta troostii
(Cumberland Slider)

Average Length: 5 - 8 in. (12.5 - 20.3 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

SEA TURTLES SEA TURTLES

Caretta caretta
(Loggerhead Sea Turtle)

Average Length: 31 - 45 in. (79 - 114 cm)

* Federal Threatened State Endangered *
Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier I

Chelonia mydas
(Green Sea Turtle)

Average Length: 36 - 48 in. (90 - 122 cm)

* Federal Threatened State Threatened *

Dermochelys coriacea
(Leatherback Sea Turtle)

Average Length: 53 - 70 in. (135 - 178 cm)

* Federal Endangered State Endangered *

Eretmochelys imbricata imbricata
(Atlantic Hawksbill Sea Turtle)

Average Length: 30 - 35 in. (76 - 89 cm)

* Federal Endangered State Endangered *

Lepidochelys kempii
(Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle)

Average Length: 23 - 27.5 in. (58 - 70 cm)

*Federal Endangered State Endangered *

The Virginia Herpetological Society follows the naming conventions set forth by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, The Herpetologists’ League, and the Society for the
Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. For the most current list click here.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier IV - Moderate Conservation Need - The species may be rare in parts of its range, particularly on the periphery. Populations of these species have demonstrated a significant declining trend or one is suspected which, if continued, is likely to qualify this species for a higher tier in the foreseeable future. Long-term planning is necessary to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier III - High Conservation Need - Extinction or extirpation is possible. Populations of these species are in decline or have declined to low levels or are in a restricted range. Management action is needed to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier II - Very High Conservation Need - Has a high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at very low levels, facing real threat(s), or occur within a very limited distribution. Immediate management is needed for stabilization and recovery.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier I - Critical Conservation Need - Faces an extremely high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at critically low levels, facing immediate threat(s), or occur within an extremely limited range. Intense and immediate management action is needed.


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