White-spotted Slimy Salamander
Plethodon cylindraceus

Common Name:

White-spotted Slimy Salamander

Scientific Name:

Plethodon cylindraceus



plethore is Greek meaning "fullness or full of",  odon is Greek for "teeth". Referring to  the number of paravomerine and vomerine teeth.


Average Length:

4.75 - 6.75 in. (12.1 - 17.2 cm)

Virginia Record Length:

Record length:

8.1 in. (20.6 cm)

The white-spotted slimy salamander is shiny black with whitish cream colored spots or flecks scattered on the sides of the body, back, head, and tail. The glands in the skin secrete a sticky slime that sticks to your hands like glue. They range in size from 11.4 - 20.6 cm (4.5 - 8.125 in). They are found under rocks, logs, and stumps on the forest floor and tend to be found in wetter areas than red-backed salamanders. The white-spotted slimy salamander mates from spring to summer. In late summer, females lay a clutch of 6 to 36 eggs in or under logs and among roots. The eggs hatch into larvae in late fall which reach full maturity in about 3 years.Eggs are laid in or under logs and among roots, but are rarely found *1014*. In the coastal plain, females lay eggs annually in late summer or fall *1014*.

References for Life History

  • 883 - Conant, R., 1975, A field guide to reptiles and amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, 429 pgs., Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, MA
  • 898 - Fraser, D.F., 1976, Empirical evaluation of the hypothesis of food competition in salamanders of the genus Plethodon, Ecology, Vol. 57, pg. 459-471
  • 1014 - Martof, B.S., Palmer, W.M., Bailey, J.R., Harrison, III J.R., 1980, Amphibians and Reptiles of the Carolinas and Virginia, 264 pgs., UNC Press, Chapel Hill, NC


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