Salamanders of Virginia

Jefferson Salamander
(Ambystoma jeffersonianum)
Average Length: 4.5 - 7 in. (10.7 - 18 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Mabee's Salamander
(Ambystoma mabeei)
Average Length: 3 - 4 in. (7.5 - 10.2 cm)

* State Threatened *

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Spotted Salamander
(Ambystoma maculatum )
Average Length: 4.4 - 7.75 in. (11.2 - 19.7 cm)

Marbled Salamander
(Ambystoma opacum)
Average Length: 3.5 - 4.25 in. (9 - 10.7 cm)

Mole Salamander
(Ambystoma talpoideum)
Average Length: 3 - 4 in. (7.5 - 10.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Eastern Tiger Salamander
(Ambystoma tigrinum)
Average Length: 7 - 8.25 in. (18 - 21 cm)

* State Endangered *

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Two-toed Amphiuma
(Amphiuma means)
Average Length: 14.5 - 30 in. (36.8 - 76 cm)

Green Salamander
(Aneides aeneus)
Average Length: 3.25 - 5 in. (8.3 - 12.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating:Tier II

Eastern Hellbender
(Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis)
Average Length: 11.5 - 20 in. (29.2 - 51 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Southern Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus auriculatus)
Average Length: 3 - 5 in. (7.5 - 12.5 cm)

Northern Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus fuscus)
Average Length: 2.25 - 4.25 in. (6.4 - 11.5 cm)

Shovel-nosed Salamander
(Desmognathus marmoratus)
Average Length: 3.5 - 5 in. (9 - 12.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Seal Salamander
(Desmognathus monticola)
Average Length: 3.25 - 5 in. (8.3 - 12.5 cm)

Alleghany Mountain Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus ochrophaeus)
Average Length: 2.75 - 4 in. (7 - 10 cm)

Blue Ridge Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus orestes)
Average Length: 2.75 - 4 in. (7 - 10 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Northern Pygmy Salamander
(Desmognathus organi)
Average Length: 1.5 - 2 in. (3.8 - 5.1 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Flat-headed Salamander
(Desmognathus planiceps)
Average Length: 2.75 - 4 in. (7 - 10 cm)

Black-bellied Salamander
(Desmognathus quadramaculatus)
Average Length: 4 - 6.9 in. (10 - 17.5 cm)

Black Mountain Salamander
(Desmognathus welteri)
Average Length: 3 - 5 in. (7.5 - 12.5 cm)

Northern Two-lined Salamander
(Eurycea bislineata)
Average Length: 2.5 - 3.75 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)

Southern Two-lined Salamander
(Eurycea cirrigera)
Average Length: 2.5 - 3.75 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)

Three-lined Salamander
(Eurycea guttolineata)
Average Length: 4 - 6.25 in. (10 - 15.9 cm)

Long-tailed Salamander
(Eurycea longicauda longicauda)
Average Length: 4 - 6.25 in. (10 - 15.9 cm)

Cave Salamander
(Eurycea lucifuga)
Average Length: 4 - 6 in. (10 - 15.2 cm)

Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander
(Eurycea wildera)e
Average Length: 2.5 - 3.75 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Blue Ridge Spring Salamander
(Gyrinophilus porphyriticus danielsi)
Average Length: 5 - 7.5 in. (12.5 - 19 cm)

Kentucky Spring Salamander
(Gyrinophilus porphyriticus duryi)
Average Length: 4.8 - 7.5 in. (12.1 - 19 cm)

Northern Spring Salamander
(Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus)
Average Length: 4.8 - 7.5 in. (12.1 - 19 cm)

Four-toed Salamander
(Hemidactylium scutatum )
Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Common Mudpuppy
(Necturus maculosus maculosus)
Average Length: 8 - 13 in. (20 - 33 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Dwarf Waterdog
(Necturus punctatus)
Average Length: 4.5 - 6.25 in. (11.5 - 15.9 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Red-spotted Newt
(Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens)
Average Length: 2.25 - 4.8 in. (5.7 - 12.2 cm)

Atlantic Coast Slimy Salamander
(Plethodon chlorobryonis)
Average Length: 4.75 - 6.75 in. (12.1 - 17.2 cm)

Eastern Red-backed Salamander
(Plethodon cinereus)
Average Length: 2.25 - 4 in. (5.7 - 10 cm)


The three common color morphs of the Red-backed Salamander.

White-spotted Slimy Salamander
(Plethodon cylindraceus)
Average Length: 4.75 - 6.75 in. (12.1 - 17.2 cm)

Northern Slimy Salamander)
(Plethodon glutinosus )
Average Length: 4.75 - 6.75 in. (12.1 - 17.2 cm)

Valley and Ridge Salamander
(Plethodon hoffmani)
Average Length: 3.6 - 4.4 in. (9.1 - 11.2 cm)

Peaks of Otter Salamander
(Plethodon hubrichti)
Average Length: 3.2 - 4.8 in. (8.1 - 12.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Cumberland Plateau Salamander
(Plethodon kentucki)
Average Length: 3.9 - 6.6 in. (9.8 - 16.8 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Northern Gray-cheeked Salamander
(Plethodon montanus )
Average Length: 3.5 - 5 in. (9 - 12.5 cm)

Cow Knob Salamander
(Plethodon punctatus)
Average Length: 4 - 5 in. (10 - 12.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Southern Ravine Salamander
(Plethodon richmondi)
Average Length: 3 - 4.5 in. (7.5 - 11.5 cm)

Shenandoah Salamander
(Plethodon shenandoah)
Average Length: 3 - 4.3 in. (7.5 - 11 cm)

* Federal Endangered State Endangered *

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier I

Big Levels Salamander
(Plethodon sherando)
Average Length: 3 - 4.3 in. (7.5 - 11 cm)

Southern Zigzag Salamander
(Plethodon ventralis)
Average Length: 2.5 - 3.5 in. (6.4 - 9 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Shenandoah Mountain Salamander
(Plethodon virginia)
Average Length: 3.6 - 4.4 in. (9.1 - 11.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Wehrle's Salamander
(Plethodon wehrlei )
Average Length: 4 - 5.25 in. (10 - 13.3 cm)

Weller's Salamander
(Plethodon welleri)
Average Length: 2.5 - 3.1 in. (6.4 - 7.9 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Yonahlossee Salamander
(Plethodon yonahlossee)
Average Length: 4.5 - 7 in. (11.5 - 18 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Midland Mud Salamander
(Pseudotriton montanus diastictus)
Average Length: 3 - 6.5 in. (7.5 - 16.5 cm)

Eastern Mud Salamander
(Pseudotriton montanus montanus)
Average Length: 3 - 6.5 in. (7.5 - 16.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Blue Ridge Red Salamander
(Pseudotriton ruber nitidus)
Average Length: 4 - 6 in. (10 - 15.2 cm)

Northern Red Salamander
(Pseudotriton ruber ruber)
Average Length: 4 - 6 in. (10 - 15.2 cm)

Eastern Lesser Siren
(Siren intermedia intermedia)
Average Length: 7 - 27 in. (18 - 68.6 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Greater Siren
(Siren lacertina)
Average Length: 20 - 30 in. (51 - 76 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Many-lined Salamander
(Stereochilus marginatus)
Average Length: 2.5 - 3.75 in. (6.4 - 9.5 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV


The Virginia Herpetological Society follows the naming conventions set forth by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, The Herpetologists’ League, and the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier IV - Moderate Conservation Need - The species may be rare in parts of its range, particularly on the periphery. Populations of these species have demonstrated a significant declining trend or one is suspected which, if continued, is likely to qualify this species for a higher tier in the foreseeable future. Long-term planning is necessary to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier III - High Conservation Need - Extinction or extirpation is possible. Populations of these species are in decline or have declined to low levels or are in a restricted range. Management action is needed to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier II - Very High Conservation Need - Has a high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at very low levels, facing real threat(s), or occur within a very limited distribution. Immediate management is needed for stabilization and recovery.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier I - Critical Conservation Need - Faces an extremely high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at critically low levels, facing immediate threat(s), or occur within an extremely limited range. Intense and immediate management action is needed.

* Note: Map depiction of the Eastern Shore and other jurisdictions - The DGIF generated maps include the Eastern Shore. The maps look different because the boundaries used are the actual jurisdictional boundaries, which include much of the water in the Chesapeake Bay, thus Accomack and Northampton Counties look like they are connected to the rest of the state. Other jurisdictions may look odd, too, since they include their boundaries out into the Bay and other waterbodies (such as Mathews County, York County, City of Poquoson, and City of Hampton).

FROGS

Virginia is home to 28 species of frogs and toads.

SALAMANDERS

We have a large diversity of salamanders consisting of 56 different species and subspecies.

LIZARDS

Virginia is home to 9 native lizard species and two introduced species, the Mediterranean Gecko and the Italian Wall Lizard.

SNAKES

The Commonwealth is home to 34 species and subspecies of snake. Only 3 species are venomous.

TURTLES

Virginia has 25 species and subspecies of turtle. Five of these species are sea turtle.