Frogs & Toads of Virginia

Virginia Frog & Toad ID Guide | Frog Development Chart | Frog Calling Schedules

Frog & toad calls copyright Lang Elliott, NatureSound Studio, www.naturesound.com

Scientific Name (Common Name)
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Photos

Acris crepitans
(Eastern Cricket Frog)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 0.6 - 1.4 in. (1.6 - 3.5 cm)

Acris gryllus
(Southern Cricket Frog)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 0.6 - 1.25 in. (1.6 - 3.5 cm)

Anaxyrus americanus americanus
(Eastern American Toad)

Calls March - August
Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Anaxyrus fowleri
(Fowler's Toad)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 2 - 3 in. (4.4 - 7.5 cm)

Anaxyrus quercicus
(Oak Toad)

Calls April - September
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.3 in. (1.9 - 3.3 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Anaxyrus terrestris
(Southern Toad)

Calls April - September
Average Length: 1.6 - 3 in. (4.1 - 7.5 cm)

Gastrophryne carolinensis
(Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad)

Calls May - September
Average Length: 0.9 - 1.25 in. (2.2 - 3.2 cm)

Hyla chrysoscelis
(Cope's Gray Treefrog)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 1.25 - 2 in. (3.2 - 5.1 cm)

Our two native gray treefrogs are identical in appearance. In the field the only two ways to distinguish H. chrysoscelis from H. versicolor is by their call and in some cases geographic location.

Hyla cinerea
(Green Treefrog)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 1.25 - 2.25 in. (3.2 - 5.7 cm)

Hyla femoralis
(Pine Woods Treefrog)

Calls May - August
Average Length: 1 - 1.5 in. (2.5 - 3.8 cm)

Hyla gratiosa
(Barking Treefrog)

Calls May - August
Average Length: 2 - 2.6 in. (3.2 - 5.7 cm)

* State Threatened *

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Hyla squirella
(Squirrel Treefrog)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 0.9 - 1.6 in. (2.2 - 4.1 cm)

Hyla versicolor
(Gray Treefrog)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 1.25 - 2 in. (3.2 - 5.1 cm)

Our two native gray treefrogs are identical in appearance. In the field the only two ways to distinguish H. chrysoscelis from H. versicolor is by their call and in some cases geographic location.

Lithobates catesbeianus
(American Bullfrog)

Calls May - August
Average Length: 3.6 - 6 in. (9 - 15.2 cm)

Lithobates clamitans
(Green Frog)

Calls May - August
Average Length: 2.25 - 3.5 in. (5.7 - 9 cm)

* New Species*
Lithobates kauffeldi
(Atlantic Coast Leopard Frog)
Calls March - May
Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Lithobates palustris
(Pickerel Frog)

Calls April - May
Average Length: 1.75 - 3 in. (4.4 - 7.5 cm)

Lithobates sphenocephalus
(Southern Leopard Frog)

Calls March - August and in October
Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Lithobates sylvaticus
(Wood Frog)

Calls late January - April
Average Length: 1.4 - 2.73 in. (3.5 - 7 cm)

Lithobates virgatipes
(Carpenter Frog)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 1.6 - 6 in. (4.1 - 2.6 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Pseudacris brachyphona
(Mountain Chorus Frog)

Calls March - July
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Pseudacris brimleyi
(Brimley's Chorus Frog)

Calls February - April
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Pseudacris crucifer
(Spring Peeper)

Calls February - June and in October
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Pseudacris feriarum
(Upland Chorus Frog)

Calls February - May
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.4 in. (1.9 - 3.5 cm)

Pseudacris kalmi
(New Jersey Chorus Frog)

Calls February - April
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Pseudacris nigrita
(Southern Chorus Frog)

Calls March - April
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Pseudacris ocularis
(Little Grass Frog)

Calls late January - September
Average Length: 0.4 - 0.6 in. (1.1 - 1.6 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Scaphiopus holbrookii
(Eastern Spadefoot)

Calls March - May
Average Length: 1.75 - 2.25 in. (4.4 - 5.7 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

The Virginia Herpetological Society follows the naming conventions set forth by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, The Herpetologists’ League, and the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. For the most current list click here.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier IV - Moderate Conservation Need - The species may be rare in parts of its range, particularly on the periphery. Populations of these species have demonstrated a significant declining trend or one is suspected which, if continued, is likely to qualify this species for a higher tier in the foreseeable future. Long-term planning is necessary to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier III - High Conservation Need - Extinction or extirpation is possible. Populations of these species are in decline or have declined to low levels or are in a restricted range. Management action is needed to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier II - Very High Conservation Need - Has a high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at very low levels, facing real threat(s), or occur within a very limited distribution. Immediate management is needed for stabilization and recovery.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier I - Critical Conservation Need - Faces an extremely high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at critically low levels, facing immediate threat(s), or occur within an extremely limited range. Intense and immediate management action is needed.

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