Frogs & Toads of Virginia

Virginia Frog & Toad ID Guide | Frog Development Chart | Frog Calling Schedules

Frog & toad calls copyright Lang Elliott, NatureSound Studio - www.naturesound.com

Eastern Cricket Frog
(Acris crepitans)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 0.6 - 1.4 in. (1.6 - 3.5 cm)

Southern Cricket Frog
(Acris gryllus)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 0.6 - 1.25 in. (1.6 - 3.5 cm)

Eastern American Toad
(Anaxyrus americanus americanus)

Calls March - August
Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Fowler's Toad
(Anaxyrus fowleri)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 2 - 3 in. (4.4 - 7.5 cm)

Oak Toad
(Anaxyrus quercicus)

Calls April - September
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.3 in. (1.9 - 3.3 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Southern Toad
(Anaxyrus terrestris)

Calls April - September
Average Length: 1.6 - 3 in. (4.1 - 7.5 cm)

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad
(Gastrophryne carolinensis)

Calls May - September
Average Length: 0.9 - 1.25 in. (2.2 - 3.2 cm)

Cope's Gray Treefrog
(Hyla chrysoscelis)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 1.25 - 2 in. (3.2 - 5.1 cm)

Our two native gray treefrogs are identical in appearance. In the field the only two ways to distinguish H. chrysoscelis from H. versicolor is by their call and in some cases geographic location.

Green Treefrog
(Hyla cinerea)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 1.25 - 2.25 in. (3.2 - 5.7 cm)

Pine Woods Treefrog
(Hyla femoralis)

Calls May - August
Average Length: 1 - 1.5 in. (2.5 - 3.8 cm)

Barking Treefrog
(Hyla gratiosa)

Calls May - August
Average Length: 2 - 2.6 in. (3.2 - 5.7 cm)

* State Threatened *

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Squirrel Treefrog
(Hyla squirella)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 0.9 - 1.6 in. (2.2 - 4.1 cm)

Gray Treefrog
(Hyla versicolor)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 1.25 - 2 in. (3.2 - 5.1 cm)

Our two native gray treefrogs are identical in appearance. In the field the only two ways to distinguish H. chrysoscelis from H. versicolor is by their call and in some cases geographic location.

American Bullfrog
(Lithobates catesbeianus)

Calls May - August
Average Length: 3.6 - 6 in. (9 - 15.2 cm)

Green Frog
(Lithobates clamitans)

Calls May - August
Average Length: 2.25 - 3.5 in. (5.7 - 9 cm)

* New Species *

Atlantic Coast Leopard Frog
(Lithobates kauffeldi)

Calls March - May
Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Pickerel Frog
(Lithobates palustris)

Calls April - May
Average Length: 1.75 - 3 in. (4.4 - 7.5 cm)

Coastal Plains Leopard Frog
(Lithobates sphenocephalus utricularius)

Calls March - August and in October
Average Length: 2 - 3.5 in. (5.1 - 9 cm)

Wood Frog
(Lithobates sylvaticus)

Calls late January - April
Average Length: 1.4 - 2.73 in. (3.5 - 7 cm)

Carpenter Frog
(Lithobates virgatipes)

Calls April - August
Average Length: 1.6 - 6 in. (4.1 - 2.6 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier III

Mountain Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris brachyphona)

Calls March - July
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier II

Brimley's Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris brimleyi)

Calls February - April
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Spring Peeper
(Pseudacris crucifer)

Calls February - June and in October
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Upland Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris feriarum)

Calls February - May
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.4 in. (1.9 - 3.5 cm)

New Jersey Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris kalmi)

Calls February - April
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Southern Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris nigrita)

Calls March - April
Average Length: 0.75 - 1.25 in. (1.9 - 3.2 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Little Grass Frog
(Pseudacris ocularis)

Calls late January - September
Average Length: 0.4 - 0.6 in. (1.1 - 1.6 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV

Eastern Spadefoot
(Scaphiopus holbrookii)

Calls March - May
Average Length: 1.75 - 2.25 in. (4.4 - 5.7 cm)

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating: Tier IV


The Virginia Herpetological Society follows the naming conventions set forth by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, The Herpetologists’ League, and the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. For the most current list click here.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier IV - Moderate Conservation Need - The species may be rare in parts of its range, particularly on the periphery. Populations of these species have demonstrated a significant declining trend or one is suspected which, if continued, is likely to qualify this species for a higher tier in the foreseeable future. Long-term planning is necessary to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier III - High Conservation Need - Extinction or extirpation is possible. Populations of these species are in decline or have declined to low levels or are in a restricted range. Management action is needed to stabilize or increase populations.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier II - Very High Conservation Need - Has a high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at very low levels, facing real threat(s), or occur within a very limited distribution. Immediate management is needed for stabilization and recovery.

Virginia Wildlife Action Plan Rating Tier I - Critical Conservation Need - Faces an extremely high risk of extinction or extirpation. Populations of these species are at critically low levels, facing immediate threat(s), or occur within an extremely limited range. Intense and immediate management action is needed.

FROGS

Virginia is home to 28 species of frogs and toads.

SALAMANDERS

We have a large diversity of salamanders consisting of 56 different species and subspecies.

LIZARDS

Virginia is home to 9 native lizard species and two introduced species, the Mediterranean Gecko and the Italian Wall Lizard.

SNAKES

The Commonwealth is home to 34 species and subspecies of snake. Only 3 species are venomous.

TURTLES

Virginia has 25 species and subspecies of turtle. Five of these species are sea turtle.